University of Notre Dame

The Story of Notre Dame
Brother Aidan's Extracts


1877: Parish School, Brother Alexander, director.

1878: "Saints Peter and Paul School, which had been opened by our Brothers in 1877, was abandoned this year for want of patronage, by the pastor. Brother Alexander, Director"

-- Granger.

(Bishop Gilmour to Father Sidley, 1877) (Provincial archives) "I approve most highly of your intention of getting the Brothers of Holy Cross for teachers of your school and hope that satisfactory arrangements can be made." April 9, 1877.

"...As the Brothers of Christian Doctrine do not take charge of establishments unless they can live at least three together and annually receive sufficient support amounting to $120 each, they cannot be procured for the school in the country parishes and small towns. A pious pastor of Ruille, Jacques Francois Dujarie, about the year 1820, gathered into his presbytery a number of virtuous young men, and prepared them to become primary teachers for the parishes in which the services of the Christian Brothers were unattainable. Thus were founded the Brothers of St. Joseph."

-- Catholic Encyclopedia: A. B. O'Neill, C.S.C. Vol. 7; 405. 1820 On.

Vincennes: salary for the Brothers (of) (2) $37.50 each for the first two years, and $50 each later. 1841.

(Salaries in Catholic Schools) "Patrick Collins was appointed teacher of the school at St. Patrick's at a salary of $450 per annum as this was 'a writing and grammar school'".

-- Burns, "Principles", p. 287. 1835.

(Provincial Archives) "Mr. (Father) Delaune held a meeting for the purpose of collecting money to defray the expenses of the Brother (Madison); they have collected $10.00 at the first meeting. Besides, 50 have agreed to pay 10 cents a month. They are collectors for the different wards of the city."

-- Brother Mary Joseph to Sorin. 1844.

"He (Franciscan Friar in Hamilton, Ohio) would give the two Brothers $150 each and provide them with everything, clothing excepted. He would provide them with rooms in his house."

-- Bro. Bernard Joseph to Sorin. 1855.

See Vincennes: Brother Mary Joseph. Terms $50 per year of 10 1/2) months. 1846.

(around 1845) "The terms of the University of Notre Dame for tuition and board are $90 per annum."

(A Public school at Jasper, Indiana)

(Sisters' Salaries, 1844; Sister of Providence '..we ask you to give each year the sum of $100 in cash, payable in installments of $25 at the beginning of each quarter. Secondly, that you provide the Sisters with flour, meat, sugar, and coffee, they themselves to provide for their other wants.

"Thirdly, they may have, as they have had, the use of the house, the furniture, the garden etc."

"On these conditions they will receive gratis the children of the County. The County will pay you. If among the parishioners in easy circumstances there are any who can make a small compensation for the higher education of their children, this shall be received by the Sisters who shall not have to give an account of it except to us."

-- Journals and Letters, p. 136. 1844

See Brothers' and Sisters' salaries.

"Madison, Indiana (Sorin)".

"Father Superior will hire a Professor, if he can get ten or twelve pupils in Detroit. He may allow him a sum of $200 per annum."

-- Local Council, Sept. 9, 1847.

(1852) "That Brother Alban should go to the Orphan Asylum at New Orleans, as shoemaker at the rate of $200 per annum."

-- Local Council. May 17,1852

(see Louisville, 1855)

`(1847: See "Madison...Father St. Palais")

(See under "Buffalo")

(Bishop Dwenger, Fort Wayne, ...letter to Sorin) "I will send you in a few days the money for the clothing of the Brothers....(at Lafayette Orphan Asylum)." Provincial ArchivesDec. 27, 1885.

(See "Columbus, Ohio, 1858")

(Detroit, May 6 ...Father M. E. Shawe to Sorin) "It of course refers to the musician you had partly engaged...he is perfectly willing to accept the terms agreed upon between yourself and him when you were last in Detroit -- viz.: an engagement for two years at $350 per annum and free lodging, consisting of a sitting-room, sleeping room, place for cooking, etc.". 1848.

(See "St. John, Indiana, 1850)

(See Brooklyn, Gatian's report)

See "Burlington, 1879

See La Salle, 1874

See Lafayette, 1885, also St. Mary's School

See: "Bishop Hailandiere to Sorin" 53,49, 62. "Brothers' Salaries", Burns. "Toledo, May, 1855" "Philadelphia, 1859 "Baltimore" "Teachers and Salaries" "Pay Schools, 1853" "Fort Wayne diocese.... Reports of School Board and Bishop Dwenger on tuition fees." "Tuition".

(Salaries of Teachers) "Lewis J. Miller, a public school teacher writes to Sorin: ' I have charged $2 per quarter for orthography and Reading; for reading and writing and arithmetic, $ 2.50; for arithmetic, grammar and geography, $3.00. There are many who are extremely poor and of such it will be sufficient to collect the tuition.' He had 46 pupils. ' If all pay the school will be worth about $95 this quarter; but I think, if we get $80 we will be doing extremely well'". (Address not given) 1855.

(Brothers of St. Joseph.. Salary) "When the Brothers are sent on a mission, there must be at least two, each of whom must receive a salary of $150 per annum, unless the school is on their own account."

-- Catholic Almanac. p. 184. 1856.

See under: "Milwaukee, 1858" "Vincennes, 1848" "Brothers of St. Joseph, 1856" "Brothers' Rule, 1839" "Brothers' Studies, 1872,85" "Brother Stephen, Peoria City, 1850".

See: "Fort Wayne, 1888" "Foundations" "Hamilton, Ohio, 1888" "Brother Stephen, Peoria City, 1850".

"That the neighbors' sons within two miles of the college, on this side of the river, shall be received as boarders at the rate of $80 per annum"

-- Local Council Sept. 21, 1863

"It was resolved that no teaching Brother shall be sent anywhere to teach for less than $500 per annum.."

-- Local Council, July 4, 1864)

"Another important affair was also discussed: that of fixing a uniform salary for our teaching Brothers in the different places where they may be sent for the next scholastic year. After a somewhat spirited discussion for and against the measure, the majority of the members concluded that it was meet and just to require for every parish that employs, or desires to employ, our Brothers, the sum of $400 per annum for each Brother. Consequently, the Secretary of the Chapter was instructed to write to the pastors employing our Brothers, notifying them of the decision of the Board."

-- Local Council, Aug. 22.

(1864) "It was resolved after long debate that in view of the unsettled condition of the financial affairs of the country, the price for Board and Tuition shall henceforth be $150 in gold or its equivalent in currency."

-- Local Council, July 4, 1864).

("It was determined that the amount of $150 in gold for the Board of a student being found uncertain and almost impracticable, the fixed sum of $300 in currency shall henceforth be our charge for all newcomers."

-- Local Council, Sept. 26,1864)

"Henceforth schools must pay a uniform salary of $400 for each Brother teaching. Pastors to be so notified."

-- Local Council, Aug. 22,1864.

"$500 per annum shall be offered to a good professor of music if one can be found."

-- Local Council, Feb. 9, 1863).

"Decides that all the schools of the Brothers shall be closed by July 14 so as to have the Provincial Chapter for the nomination of deputies to the General Chapter."

-- Local Council, June 8, 1863.

"$250 per annum shall be allotted to Mr. McNally for his teaching."

-- Local Council, June 22.

"Mr. Gregory's services shall be continued at the college next year for $250 on the condition that he will teach for six hours a day."

-- Local Council, July 6.

(Letter of Bishop Luers to Sorin, 1871) "To keep up on the premises a school in which a good common school education is given, and to charge the children no more than the following rates in that department: one boy, 75 cents a month; the second, 50 cents; the third, 50 cents; the fourth, 25 cents; the fifth, gratis. also sons of poor widows, gratis."

(Fort Wayne) "You would do us a great favor to let us have a good Brother to teach the English children of our Cathedral. He might board with us for the present. What would you charge?"Bishop Luers to Sorin. Feb. 16, 1858.

(Father Cooney; 1873) "There appears to be something wrong in the manner of the procuring or securing of the Brothers' salaries in Lafayette. To say to them 'Here are the children and get what you can. I'll have no responsibility for your pay,' is a poor guarantee of sufficient support. Yet this appears to be just the case or state of affairs in Lafayette. Unless there is more than ordinary energy on the part of the pastor, this plan has nothing in it to urge him to speak with energy of the school from the pulpit, and in the discharge of his other duties. Everything is made to depend on the Brothers. And sometimes, they bring down upon themselves the odium of parents by insisting on the monthly dues of their sons. This interferes in many cases with the good which they are expected to effect in the parish."

-- Visit to Houses 1873, pp. 14-5; P.P. Cooney, C.S.C. (Granger Provincial)

(Logansport, St. Vincent's school) 1893: "The average annual expense of each pupil may be estimated at $5.00" Report of Parish School, diocese of Ft. Wayne, 1893.

(Mishawaka) "The average annual expense per pupil is about $6.00" Ibid.

(Muncie, St. Lawrence's school) "The average annual expense of each pupil is about $4.55." Ibid.

"New Corydon, Holy Trinity School) "The average annual expense of each pupil is about $4.00." Ibid.

(1893; "St. Hedwige's School, South Bend) Teachers 12. Maintenance, $4,000, which includes salaries. Tuition, 50 cents a month. Balance derived from Church funds. Average expense per pupil, $5.50."

-- Report on Parish School, Diocese of Ft. Wayne. 1893

(St. Joseph School, 1893) "First school house erected in 1852 at cost of $1,800. First teachers: Brothers Raymond, Daniel, Romuald, and Philip. Up to 1868 there were two separate schools, one for the boys, and the other for the girls. In that year schools were united and taught by the Sisters of Holy Cross. In 1881 another attempt was made to have a separate school for boys, but it failed after a few years and the project was abandoned."

-- Report on Parochial Schools, Diocese of Ft. Wayne, 1893.

(St. Patrick's) "At present there are 80 boys in attendance, under the control of two teachers. The small boys are taught by Miss Sarah O'Neill, and the older boys by Brother Romanus, C.S.C. This Brother was preceded in the school by Brothers Aloysius, Hilarion, Hilary, Theogene, Justin, Emmanuel, Benjamin, Daniel, and Raymond, Urban, Hubert. 1893.

"The average annual expense for maintaining the school is about $700 paid from church revenue. The annual expense per pupil is about $9.00."

-- Ibid.

(Michigan City; 1893) "The average annual outlay for the school (St. Mary's Sisters of Holy Cross), including the salary of teachers, is about $1,600. (7 Sisters) The amount is derived from special collections and from tuition fees of 75 cents and 50 cents a month, from pupils who are able to pay. Poor children are taken free of charge. The average annual expense per pupil is $5.50." Report on Parochial Schools, Diocese of Ft. Wayne, 1893.

(1904) "The salaries of Sisters teaching in the parochial schools rarely rise above $250 per annum, while in some cases it falls as low as $100. More commonly it is from $150 to $250 per year. Salaries of Brothers who teach in the schools are generally about twice as much."

-- "The Training of the Teacher", p. 20, Rev. J. A. Burns. Footnote. 1904.

"The members of the teaching orders live apart from the world, free alike from its existing pleasures and its harassing cares. They are not bothered about salaries. They have no increase to look forward to. They receive very little, only about one-third to one-half of what public school teachers in the primary grades of city schools get, and it is only by the severe simplicity of their mode of life and the exercise of a rigid economy that they are enabled to get along."

-- "Training of the Teacher". Burns, 1904.

(1912) "During the immigration period the salaries of Sisters and Brothers were much lower than they are at present.... 1912

"Catholic teachers do not receive more than one-half as much salary as public school teachers engaged in the same district and in the same class of work. In many cases they do not receive one-third as much.... The self-sacrifice of Catholics in building up and supporting a separate system of schools has been frequently pointed out in discussions of the school question. But the self-sacrifice of the people in the matter is slight indeed when compared with that of the teaching Sisters and Brothers. The brunt of the heavy burden really falls upon them. The pinch of real poverty and privation, in as far as anything of the kind really results from the up-keep of the parish school system, is felt only by them. The parish priest and his people of today little feel the burden of the schools, as did the immigrant priests and settlers of half a century ago. Economically, as well as socially, there have been vast changes in the Catholic body. The economic condition of the teachers, nevertheless, has remained relatively almost unaffected. With the Sisters and Brothers who are engaged in teaching in the schools, it is still a struggle for existence -- a 'Struggle to make ends meet', and to save something to help support the home of their religious youth and their declining years.... The economic basis upon which the parish school system rests is therefore revealed by the simple statement that Catholic teachers work for from one-third to one-half of the salary of teachers in public schools; for, in the maintenance of the school, it is the salary that is the chief item of expense."

-- "The Growth and Development of the Catholic School System", Burns: pp. 283-4.

‹— Brother Aidan's Extracts —›