University of Notre Dame

The Story of Notre Dame
Notre Dame: Foundations, 1842-1857 / by John Theodore Wack



University of Notre Dame Archives (UNDA), Notre Dame, Indiana. This archive houses the collection of all of the official papers of the University of Notre Dame, as well as the private papers of those intimately connected with the history of the school. In addition, the archive is the repository for many collections of materials on American Catholic history, such as the papers of a number of American Catholic bishops and the records (microfilm) of the Society for the Propagation of the Faith, which are indirectly related to the history of the college.

Provincial Archives of Holy Cross (PAHC), Provincial House for the Indiana Province of the Priests of Holy Cross, South Bend, Indiana. The official records of the Congregation of Holy Cross in connection with Notre Dame du Lac and the various foundations which were made from that place are to be found in this archive. These records, such as the minutes of the Minor Chapter for the Province, directly concern the actions of the Congregation at Notre Dame du Lac and only indirectly have bearing on the actual history of the college. However, the minutes of the various chapters, Brother Gatian's Journal, and especially the "Chronicles of Notre Dame du Lac" are of considerable importance to the history of all of the institutions founded at Notre Dame du Lac.


Baroux, Father Louis. "Seventeen Years in the Life of a Missionary Apostolic in Europe, Africa, Asia, and America." Unpublished MS in UNDA.

Buechner, Cecilia Bain. "The Pokagans of the Lake Shore Potawatomies of Indiana, Michigan, Illinois." Unpublished master's thesis, Department of History, University of Notre Dame, 1929.

Delaney, John Joseph. "The Beginnings of Industrial South Bend." Unpublished master's thesis, Department of History, University of Notre Dame, 1951.

Haggerson, Sister Mary Elizabeth. "The History of the Diocese of Mobile, 1826-1859." Unpublished master's thesis, Department of History, University of Notre Dame, 1942.

Jones, Thomas P. "Development of the Office of Prefect of Religion at the University of Notre Dame." Unpublished master's thesis, University of Notre Dame, 1936.

Kilmer, Richard L. "South Bend, 1820-1851: the Founding of the Early Community." Unpublished master's thesis, Department of History, University of Notre Dame, 1947.

Lenoue, Bernard John. "The Historical Development of the Curriculum of the University of Notre Dame." Unpublished master's thesis, Department of Education, University of Notre Dame, 1933.

Lyon, John Joseph. "The Pioneer-Farmer and the Settlement of St. Joseph County, Indiana." Unpublished master's thesis, Department of History, University of Notre Dame, 1955.

Sorin, Edward, C.S.C. "Chronicles of Notre Dame du Lac." Translated from the French by the Reverend John Toohey, C.S.C. MS in PAHC.


U.S. Census Office, 6th Census, 1840. Compendium of the Enumeration of the Inhabitants and Statistics of the United States. Washington, D.C.: Printed by Blair and Rives, 1841.

U.S. Census Office, 7th Census, 1850. Statistical View of the United States being a Compendium of the Seventh Census. Washington, D.C.: A.O.P. Nicholsen, public printer, 1854.

U.S. Census Office, 8th Census, 1860. Statistics of the United States (including Mortality, Property, &c) in 1860; Compiled from the Original Returns of the Eighth Census. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1866.

U.S. Census Office, 9th Census, 1870. A Compendium of the Ninth Census (June 1, 1870). Washington, D. C.: Government Printing Office, 1872.


Alerding, Herman Joseph (Bishop of Fort Wayne, 1900-1924). A History of the Catholic Church in the Diocese of Vincennes. Indianapolis: Carlow and Hollenbeck, 1883.

____________. A History of the Diocese of Vincennes. Fort Wayne, Indiana: n.p., 1907. (Bound as Volume I of A History of the Diocese of Fort Wayne. Fort Wayne, Indiana; 1907 and 1941. 2 vols.).

Baroux, Father Louis. Correspondence of Reverend Louis Baroux. Missionary Apostolic of Michigan to Reverend M. J. Deneve, Superior of the American College at Louvain. Translated from the French by Right Rev. E. D. Kelly. Ann Arbor, Michigan: The Ann Arbor Press, n.d.

Bayley, James R., editor. Memoirs of the Right Reverend Simon William Gabriel Bruté, D.D., First Bishop of Vincennes. N.Y.: Catholic Publication Society, 1876.

Billington, Ray Allen. The Protestant Crusade, 1800-1860. N.Y.: Macmillan Co., 1938.

Brosnahan, Sister Mary Eleanore. On the King's Highway. N.Y., London: D. Appleton and Co., 1931.

Buley, R. Carlyle. The Old Northwestern Pioneer Period, 1815-1840. 2 vols. Indianapolis Indiana Historical Society, 1950. Vols. I & II.

Burns, James A., and Bernard Kohlbrenner. History of Catholic Education. N.Y.: Benziger Bros., 1937.

Campers, Edmund V., C.S.C. History of St. Joseph's Parish., Indiana, 1853-1953. South Bend, Indiana: n.p., n.d.

Cassidy, Francis Patrick. Catholic College Foundations and Development in the United States, 1677-1550. Washington, D.C.: Catholic University of America, 1924.

Catta, Etienne and Tony Catta. Basil Anthony Mary Moreau. 2 vols., English translation by Edward L. Heston, C.S.C. Milwaukee: Bruce Publishing Co., 1955. Vols. I & II.

Cavanaugh, John, C.S.C. The Priests of Holy Cross. Notre Dame, Indiana: Notre Dame University Press, (1905).

Cole, Arthur Charles. The Irrepressible Conflict, 1850-1865. N.Y.: Macmillan, 1934..

Coleman, Helen Turnbull Waite. Banners in the Wilderness; Early Years of Washington and Jefferson College. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1956.

Coquillard, Mary Clarke. Alexis Coquillard -- His Time. A Story of the Founding of South Bend, Indiana. South Bend, Indiana: Northern Indiana Historical Society, 1931. Northern Indiana Historical Society Publication No. 4.

Curti, Merle Eugene. The Growth of American Thought. N.Y.: Harper, 1951.

____________, and Vernon Carstensen. The University of Wisconsin; a History, 1848-1925. 2 vols. Madison, Wisconsin: University of Wisconsin Press, 1949. Vol. I.

Daley, John M., S.J. Georgetown University: Origin and Early Years . Washington, D.C.: Georgetown University Press, 1957.

Daughters of the American Revolution, Schuyler Colfax Chapter, South Bend, Indiana. Historic Background of South Bend and St. Joseph County in Northern Indiana. South Bend, Indiana: DAB, Schuyler Colfax Chapter, 1927.

Ellis, John Tracy. The Formative Years of the Catholic University of America. Washington, D.C.: American Catholic Historical Association, 1946.

Erbacher, Sebastian Anthony. Catholic Higher Education for Men in the United States, 1850-1866. Washington, D.C.: Catholic University of America, 1931.

Esarey, Logan. History of Indiana, From Its Exploration to 1922. 3 vols. Dayton: Dayton Historical Publishing Co., 1915-1923, Vol. I.

Fish, Carl Russell. The Rise of the Common Man. N.Y.: Macmillan, 1927. Vol. VI of A History of American Life. Edited by Arthur M. Schlesinger and Dixon Ryan Fox, 13 vols.

Freri, Joseph. The Society for the Propagation of the Faith and the Catholic Missions. N.Y.: Press or the Society, 1912.

Gillespie, Mother Mary of St. Angela. Life of Reverend Francois Cointet, Priest and Missionary of the Congregation of Holy Cross. Cincinnati: J.P. Walsh, 1855.

Goedecker, Sister Mary Salesia. Simon Bruté de Remur, First Bishop of Vincennes. St. Meinrad, Indiana: St. Meinrad Historical Essays, 1931.

Guerin, Mother Theodore. Journals and Letters of Mother Theodore Guerin, Foundress of the Sisters of Providence at St. Marys-of-the-Woods, Indiana. Edited with notes by Sister Mary Theodosia Mug. Saint-Marys-of-the-Woods, Indiana: Providence Press, 1937.

A Guide to South Bend, Notre Dame du Lac, and St. Mary's, Indiana. Baltimore; Printed by J Murphy & Co., 1859.

Guide to the University of Notre Dame and the Academy of St. Mary of the Immaculate Conception near South Bend, Indiana. Philadelphia: J. B. Chandler, 1865.

Hanson, Marcus. The Atlantic Migration, 1670-1860. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 1940.

Havighurst, Walter. The Miami Years, 1809-1859. N.Y.: Putnam, 1958.

Heffernan, Sister Mary Rita. A Story of Fifty Years, from the Annals of the Congregation of the Sisters of Holy Cross, 1855-1905. Notre Dame, Indiana: Ave Maria Press, 1905.

Higgins, Belden & Co., Chicago. An Illustrated Historical Atlas of St. Joseph Co., Indiana. Comp., Drawn and Published from Personal Examinations and Surveys by Higgins, Belden & Co. Chicago: Higgins, Belden & Co., 1875.

Hill, Walter Henry, S.J. Historical Sketch of the St. Louis University. St. Louis: P. Fox. 1879.

History of Knox and Davis Counties, Indiana. Chicago: Goodspeed Publishing Co., 1886.

History of St. Joseph County, Indiana. (plus: History of Indiana). Chicago: C.C. Chapman & Co., 1880.

Hofstadter, Richard and C. DeWitt Hardy. The Development and Scope of Higher Education in the United States. N.Y.: Columbia University Press, 1952.

Holy Cross, Congregation of. Constitutions of the Congregation of Holy Cross Approved by Decree of the Sacred Congregation of the Propaganda dated May 13, 1857, Pius IX Sovereign Pontiff Gloriously Reigning. Notre Dame, Indiana: n.p., 1938.

Holy Cross, Congregation of. Decrees of the General Chapters of the Congregation of Holy Cross, 1855-1912. Notre Dame, Indiana: University Press, 1912.

Hope, Arthur J., C.S.C. Notre Dame, One Hundred Years. Notre Dame, Indiana: University Press, 1948.

Howard, Timothy. A Brief History of the University of Notre Dame du Lac, Indiana, from 1842 to 1892. Prepared for the Golden Jubilee. Chicago: n.p., 1895.

____________. A History of St. Joseph County, Indiana. 2 vols. Chicago, N.Y.: Lewis Publishing Co., (1907).

McAllister, Anna (Shannon). Flame in the Wilderness; Life and Letters of Mother Angela Gillespie, C.S.C., 1824-1887, American Foundress of the Sisters of the Holy Cross. Paterson, N.J.: St. Anthony Guild Press, 1944.

McAvoy, Thomas Timothy, C.S.C. The Catholic Church in Indiana, 1789-1834. Studies in History, Economics and Public Law, No. 471. N.Y.: Columbia University Press, 1940.

____________. The History of the Catholic Church in the South Bend Area. South Bend, Indiana: Aquinas Library and Book Shop, 1953.

McKee, Irving, editor and translator. The Trail of Death; Letters of Benjamin Marie Petit. Indiana Historical Society Publications, XIV, no. 1. Indianapolis: Indiana Historical Society, 1941.

McNamara, William, C.S.C. The Catholic Church on the Northern Indiana Frontier, 1789-1844. Washington, D.C.: Catholic University of America, 1931.

Mathews, Alfred. History of Cass County, Michigan. Chicago: Waterman, Watkins and Co., 1882.

Meline, Mary M. and Edward F. X. McSweeny, S.T.D. The Story of the Mountain: Mount St. Mary's College and Seminary. 2 vols. Emmitsburg, Maryland: The Weekly Chronicle, 1911. Vols. I & II.

Moreau, Basil Anthony Mary. Circular Letters of the Very Reverend Basil Anthony Mary Moreau. English trans. by Edward L. Heston, C.S.C. 2 vols. Notre Dame, Indiana: 1943, 1944. Vols. I & II.

Morin, Brother, Gamier, C.S.C. Holy Cross Brothers;From France to Notre Dame. Notre Dame, Indiana: Dujarie Press, 1952.

Myers, Gustavus. History of Bigotry, in the United States. N.Y.: Random House, 1943.

Nevils, Coleman. Miniatures of Georgetown, 1634 to 1934: Tercentennial Causeries. Washington, D.C.: Georgetown University Press, 1934.

Nichols, Thomas Low. Forty Years of American Life, 1821-1861. N.Y.: Stackpole & Sons, 1937.

Osborne, James Insley and Theodore Gregory Gronert. Wabash College: The First Hundred Years, 1832-1932. Crawfordsville, Indiana: R.E. Banta, 1932.

Pare, George. The Catholic Church in Detroit, 1701-1886. Detroit: The Gabriel Richard Press, 1951. 203

Rudolph, Frederick. The American College and University. N.Y.: Alfred A. Knopf, 1962.

Sagendorph, Kent. Michigan, the Story of a University. N.Y.: E.P. Dutton, 1948.

Schauinger, J. Herman. Stephen T. Badin: Priest in the Wilderness. Milwaukee: Bruce Publishing Co., 1)56.

Schroeder, Sister Mary Carol, 0.S.F. The Catholic Church in the Diocese of Vincennes, 1847-1877. Washington, D.C.: The Catholic University Press, 1946.

Shea, John Dawson Gilmary. History of the Catholic Church in the United States. 4 vols. N. Y.: J. G. Shea, 1866-1892. Vols. I-IV.

Slossen, Edwin Emery. The American Spirit in Education. The Chronicles of America Series, Allen Johnson, ed. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1921.

Sorin, Edward Fredrick, C.S.C. Bells at Notre Dame. Notre Dame, Indiana: n.p., n.d.

____________. Circular Letters of the Very Reverend Edward Sorin, Superior General of the Congregation of Holy Cross and Founder of Notre Dame. Notre Dame, Indiana: Ave Maria Press, 1885, 1594. Vols. I and II.

Sweet, William Warren. Indiana Asbury-DePauw University, 1837-1937. N.Y., Chicago: The Abingdon Press, 1937.

Taafe, Thomas Gaffney. A History of St. John's College, Fordham, New York. N.Y.; Catholic Publication Society Co., 1891.

Tewksbury, Donald George. The Founding of American Colleges and Universities before the Civil War. N.Y.: Teachers College, Columbia University, 1932.

Thwing, Charles Franklin. A History of Higher Education in America. N.Y.: D. Appleton & Co., 1906.

Trahey, James A., C.S.C. The Brothers of Holy Cross. Notre Dame, Indiana: University Press, 1905.

Trisco, Robert Frederick. The Holy See and the Nascent Church in the Middle Western United States, 1826-1850. Rome: Gregorian University Press, 1962.

Turner, Frederick Jackson. History of the United States, 1830-1850 . N.Y.: Henry Holt & Co., 1935.

Wertenbaker, Thomas Jefferson. Princeton, 1746-1896. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1946.

Willis, Elbert Vaughan. The Growth of American Higher Education. Philadelphia: Dorrance & Co., 1936.

Woodburn, James Albert. Higher Education in Indiana. U. S. Government Bureau of Education. Circular of Information No. 1, 1891. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1891.

History of Indiana University. 2 vols. Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana University Press, 1940-1952. Vols. I and II.

Wyman, Walker D. and Clifton B. Kroeber. The Frontier in Perspective. Madison, Wisconsin: The University of Wisconsin Press, 1957.


Annual Catalogues of the Faculty and Students of the University of Notre Dame du Lac, 1850-1904.

Catholic Almanac. Baltimore: 1840-1858. This annual directory was published under a variety of titles from its first appearance in 1817 to the present (it is now known as The Official Catholic Directory). From 1843-1851 it was called The Metropolitan Catholic Almanac & Laity's Directory. The volumes cited in this paper are housed in UNDA.

Catholic Vindicator (Detroit), II (May 27, 1854), no. 4.

Elliot, Richard R. "Soldier-Knight-Missionary, St. Michael Edgar Evelyn Shawe," American Catholic Historical Researches, XIV (1897), 50-61.

Gleason, Philip. "From Free-Love to Catholicism: Dr. and Mrs. Thomas L. Nichols at Yellow Springs," The Ohio Historical Quarterly, Volume 70, Number 4 (Oct., 1961).

Leeper, David R. "Some Early Local Footprints: The Pokagan Village, The Notre Dame Lakes, Our Savage Predecessors." Reprinted from the South Bend Daily Times. South Bend, Indiana: 1898.

Leeper, Samuel. "In the Early Days; South Bend's Place in History." Reprinted from the South Bend Tribune. South Bend, Indiana: 1894.

Notre Dame Scholastic, 1866-1966. Vols. I-V, XXVI.

Pierson, G. W. "American Universities in the Nineteenth Century: the Formative Period," in The Modern University, edited by Margaret Antoinette Clapp. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1950.

Schmidt, George P. "Intellectual Cross-currents in American Colleges, 1825-1855," American Historical Review. XLII (October, 1936), 46-47.

Shea, Edward, S., C.S.C. "French Influences on the Educational Policies of Holy Cross in the United States," Bulletin of the Educational Conference of the Priests of Holy Cross, XXIV (December, 1956), 7-15.

Sheehan, Robert J., C.S.C. "A Brief History of the Development of the Natural Sciences, University of Notre Dame." Reprinted from the Proceedings of the Indiana Academy of Science for 1954, Vol. 64, 1955.

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